Biometrics (or biometric authentication) refers to the identification
of humans by their characteristics or traits. Biometrics is used in
computer science as a form of identification and access control. It is
also used to identify individuals in groups that are under
surveillance. Biometric identifiers are the distinctive, measurable
characteristics used to label and describe individuals. Biometric
identifiers are often categorized as physiological versus behavioral
characteristics. Physiological characteristics are related to the
shape of the body. Examples include, but are not limited to
fingerprint, face recognition, DNA, Palm print, hand geometry, iris
recognition, retina and odour/scent. Behavioral characteristics are
related to the pattern of behavior of a person, including but not
limited to: typing rhythm, gait, and voice. Some researchers have
coined the term behaviometrics to describe the latter class of
biometrics. More traditional means of access control include
token-based identification systems, such as a driver's license or
passport, and knowledge-based identification systems, such as a
password or personal identification number. Since biometric
identifiers are unique to individuals, they are more reliable in
verifying identity than token and knowledge-based methods; however,
the collection of biometric identifiers raises privacy concerns about
the ultimate use of this information.
Chief: Miguel Angel Ferrer.
One-Dimensional and Two-Dimensional Pattern Recognition
Artificial Intelligence, especially in Pattern Recognition. Biometric
identification (hands, handwriting, signatures, and faces), Analysis
of documents: manuscripts and printed OCRs, Environmental
Intelligence, Verification and Classification Systems : HMM, SVM, NN
and HMM + Kernel Fisher, Digital Image processing, processing
biomedical signal and detection of pathologies: ECG, biosignals,
Chief: Carlos Manuel Travieso
Behavior Characterization Through Audio and Video
Development and innovation of automated systems for the detection of
laryngeal pathologies and rehabilitation from the speech signal.
Detection of emotional states from speech. Troubleshooting faults in
machinery from audio and vibration. Security applications through
automatic analysis of video images.
Chief: Jesus Bernardino Alonso-Hernandez.